a dark room filled with servers
Google’s Council Bluffs data center. Credit: Google
⬥ ⬥ ⬥


Written by Lauren J. Young

Design by Daniel Peterschmidt

Edited by Brandon Echter

Fact checking and copy editing by Michele Berger

Animated titles by Cat Frazier

Sidebar GIFs and in-text letters courtesy of The GifCities Project from The Internet Archive

Cover video via Shutterstock

Special thanks to Christian Skotte, Rachel Bouton, Danielle Dana, Johanna Mayer and the rest of the Science Friday staff, Alex Newman, and Terence Collins.

Published: December 15, 2017

The text was updated on January 2, 2018 to reflect the following change: Defined the role of Sharon Newman, a research scientist and former project member at the University of Washington.